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Intended to end most "lame duck" sessions of Congress, the 20th Amendment to the United States Constitution was passed on March 2, 1932 and ratified on January 23, 1933. The major provision of the amendment entailed changing the start date of new sessions of Congress from March to January to more closely align with the election schedule. President at the time of the amendment's passage, Herbert Hoover is shown getting ready to attack the lame duck with this amendment.
Office of the Clerk, http://artandhistory.house.gov/highlights.aspx?action=view&intID=140, (9/6/2012).