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Map of Battle on Bull Run, Near Manassas

Excerpts from "FIRST BULL RUN: AN OVERVIEW, Prelude to Battle"

On 15 April 1861, the day after South Carolina military forces had attacked and captured Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, President Abraham Lincoln issued a proclamation declaring an insurrection against the laws of the United States. Earlier, South Carolina and seven other Southern states had declared their secession from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America.

To suppress the rebellion and restore Federal law in the Southern states, Lincoln called for 75,000 volunteers with ninety-day enlistments to augment the existing U.S. Army of about 15,000. He later accepted an additional 40,000 volunteers with three-year enlistments and increased the strength of the U.S. Army to almost 20,000. Lincoln’s actions caused four more Southern states, including Virginia, to secede and join the Confederacy, and by 1 June the Confederate capital had been moved from Montgomery, Alabama, to Richmond, Virginia.

In Washington, D.C., as thousands of volunteers rushed to defend the capital, General in Chief Lt. Gen. Winfield Scott laid out his strategy to subdue the rebellious states. He proposed that an army of 80,000 men be organized and sail down the Mississippi River and capture New Orleans. While the Army “strangled” the Confederacy in the west, the U.S. Navy would blockade Southern ports along the eastern and Gulf coasts. The press ridiculed what they dubbed as Scott’s “Anaconda Plan.” Instead, many believed the capture of the Confederate capital at Richmond, only one hundred miles south of Washington, would quickly end the war.

 Excerpts from "FIRST BULL RUN: AN OVERVIEW, Prelude to Battle", U.S. Army Center for Military History website

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Record Details

Title: Map of Battle on Bull Run, Near Manassas, On the Line of Fairfax and Prince William Counties in Virginia, Map


Separate map in a series of War Maps and Diagrams published by the New York Herald. Map published as "VERY CURIOUS REBEL SEMI-OFFICIAL PICTORIAL VIEW OF THE BATTLE OF BULL RUN" on Friday, Ocober 11, 1861, page 5. Original map made from observation by Solomon Bamberger, published by West & Johnson, Richmond, Va. Photographed from the original and engraved by Waters & Son, New York.

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