Despite innumerable theatrical productions of Dickens’s works, many in London theatres before the monthly parts of the novels had run their course, Oliver! was the first musical adaptation to become a stage hit. The show premiered in London’s West End in 1960 and on Broadway in 1963. In 1968 it was made into a film, directed by Carol Reed. Nominated for eleven Academy Awards, it won six, including Best Picture and Best Director.