Dickens's second novel was published in monthly installments in Bentley's Miscellany from February 1837 through April 1839, partly concurrent with the publications of Pickwick Papers and Nicholas Nickleby. In Oliver Twist Dickens began his lifelong campaign to improve social conditions for very poor people in England. The book is full of melodrama and unlikely coincidence, but it blazes with the sincerity of Dickens’s conviction that the treatment of the poor was a disgrace to his country.