Excerpt from "Brazil on the Boulevard: Northeast Philadelphia is home to a fast-growing Brazilian community" By Joanna Zuckerman Bernstein, Philadelphia Weekly, Aug. 30, 2006
Take a short drive down Castor Avenue from Rhawnhurst to Oxford Circle with a slight detour on Cottman and Bustleton avenues, and you'll find Brazil's national colors of green, yellow and blue bursting from signs offering cell phones, pizza and bikinis. Discreetly advertised Brazilian evangelical churches also peek out from abandoned-looking storefronts.
"The Brazilian community here has grown really fast," says Aiton Santos, 41, the editor in chief of Brazilian News Week, the Portuguese-language newspaper he founded four years ago. He's also the editor in chief of 100% Brazil, a bimonthly magazine launched this year for Brazilians in Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New York.
When Santos arrived in Philadelphia in 1999, there was one Brazilian store and one Brazilian restaurant. Now there are some 10 Brazilian food establishments--restaurants, bakeries, a supermarket--and at least 15 Brazilian stores, which in addition to selling everything from soccer jerseys to evangelical books, also assist with money transfers. There are seven Brazilian evangelical churches and a Catholic church with a Brazilian pastor.
Link to the full article and the image source: http://www.philadelphiaweekly.com/news-and-opinion/cover-story/brazil_on_the_boulevard-38418599.html?page=1&comments=1&showAll=#ixzz2enl9Su00
Book description: In these seventeen stories by one of Brazil's foremost living authors, Fonseca introduces readers--with unsurpassed candor and keenness of observation--to a kaleidoscopic, often disturbing world. A hunchback sets his lascivious sights on seducing a beautiful woman. A wealthy businessman hires a ghost writer, with unexpected results. A family of modern-day urban cannibals celebrates a bizarre rite of passage. A man roams the nocturnal streets of Rio de Janeiro in search of meaning. A male ex-police reporter writes an advice column under a female pseudonym. A prosperous entrepreneur picks up a beautiful girl in his Mercedes only to discover his costly mistake. A loser elaborates a lethal plan to become, in his mind, a winner.
Product description: Ingle^s/English for Portuguese speakers
Excerpt from "Colombians, Latino Philadelphia at a Glance · The Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies of The Historical Society of Pennsylvania"
The first sizable number of Colombians to settle in Philadelphia occurred in the 1960s when many Colombian women and men came seeking work in Philadelphia as a result of changes in the 1965 Immigration Act. This early group established families and intermarried with other Philadelphians. A second wave of Colombians arrived in Philadelphia from New York and Colombia in the 1970s and 1980s and has since established enclaves in Olney and Feltonville.
Link to the full article: Latino Philadelphia · The Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies of The Historical Society of Pennsylvania < http://hsp.org/sites/default/files/legacy_files/migrated/latinophiladelphiaataglance.pdf >
Image source: Step by Step - guide to everything: Public & National Holidays in Colombia < http://www.stepbystep.com/public-national-holidays-in-colombia-38647/ >
Book description: A tale inspired by Joseph Conrad's Nostromo follows the story of Colombian-born Jose Altamirano, who reveals his integral role in the classic's writing and who pens his own version of events against a backdrop of a flourishing 20th-century London and lawless Panama.
Excerpt from "Immigration Puerto Rican/Cuban", Library of Congress
Cuban immigration to the U.S. began in an era of peaceful coexistence between the two nations. In the latter part of the 19th century, workers moved freely between Florida and the island, and the trade in sugar, coffee, and tobacco was lucrative. Cigar companies soon began relocating from Cuba to avoid tariffs and trade regulations, and Cubans came by the thousands to work in the factories. Soon the towns of Key West and Ybor City were the capitals of a tobacco-scented empire, and also became the centers of new Cuban enclaves. Even as these communities grew, Cuban workers continued to shuttle across the Straits of Florida as work allowed. At the beginning of the 20th century, between 50,000 and 100,000 Cubans moved between Havana, Tampa, and Key West every year.
Link to the full articel and image source: http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/immigration/cuban5.html
Excerpt from "Latino Philadelphia at a Glance", The Historical Society of Pennyslvania
Before 1959, small numbers of Cubans lived and studied in the Philadelphia area. After the Cuban Revolution, many Cuban exiles arrived in Philadelphia between the years of 1959 and 1965. Some connected with family and friends already in Philadelphia and others relocated from Florida. Many from this wave of Cubans have created social and cultural groups that are still active in promoting solidarity and Cuban culture. Small numbers of Cuban refugees have come into the city since the 1980s.
Link to the full article: < http://hsp.org/sites/default/files/legacy_files/migrated/latinophiladelphiaataglance.pdf >
Image source: Last day for a visa, 1961. Cuba, Circulating collection, PRint and Picture Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia
Book description: A Fidel Castro-like octogenarian Cuban exile obsessively seeks revenge against the dictator.
Excerpt from "Latino Philadelphia at a Glance", Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Prior to 1990, there were very small numbers of Dominicans living in Philadelphia. After 1990, the Dominican community experiences rapid growth as large numbers of Dominicans move to Philadelphia from New York seeking work, affordable housing, and safer neighborhoods.
Link to the full article: < http://hsp.org/sites/default/files/legacy_files/migrated/latinophiladelphiaataglance.pdf >
Image Source: Dominican Republic, c1965. Circulating collection, Print and Picture Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia
Excerpt from "New handbook available to aid Haitian immigrants" by Dafney Tales, Philly.com, January 10, 2011
Over the years, Philadelphia has become a destination for many Haitians, immigrant advocates say. The region has one of the largest Haitian populations in the U.S., with about 11,000 (not including second-generation Haitian-Americans). Since the earthquake, hundreds have continued to seek medical aid and refuge.
Link to the full article: "New handbook available to aid Haitian immigrants" by Dafney Tales, Philly.com, January 10, 2011 < http://articles.philly.com/2011-01-10/news/27020178_1_immigrant-advocates-largest-haitian-populations-handbook >
Image Source: Miragoane, Haiti, National Geographic, September 1944. Circulating collection, Print and Picture Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia
Book description: On January 12, 2010, novelist Dany Laferrière had just ordered dinner at a Port-au-Prince restaurant with a friend when the earthquake struck. He survived; some three hundred thousand others did not. The quake caused widespread destruction and left over one million homeless.
Book description: In this deeply personal book, the celebrated Haitian-American writer Edwidge Danticat reflects on art and exile.
Inspired by Albert Camus and adapted from her own lectures for Princeton University’s Toni Morrison Lecture Series, here Danticat tells stories of artists who create despite (or because of) the horrors that drove them from their homelands. Combining memoir and essay, these moving and eloquent pieces examine what it means to be an artist from a country in crisis.
Product description: English for Haitian speakers
Product description: English for French speakers
Philadelphia has a large West Indian population, immigrants come from Trinidad, Tobago, Haiti and Jamaica. Jamaicans live throughout Philadelphia. Many live in West Philadelphia, North Philadelphia, Olney, Germantown, and East and West Oak Lane. Jamaicans also live in Delaware, Montgomery and Chester counties, as well as in New Jersey.
Information source:Global Philadelphia < https://globalphiladelphia.org/communities/pan-american >
Image source: Jamaica, c1958. Circulating collection, Print and Picture Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia
Book description: In a land where religion is strong, but life is cheap and violence is often the answer, what will it take for Shad to protect Eric and his family? In this truth-telling sequel to The Goat Woman of Largo Bay, the village must confront its own darkness or lose a bright future.
Small groups of Mexican immigrants are documented as residing and working in Philadelphia during the turn of the century, during WWII and again during the1970s but it wasn't until the 1990s that the population began to form into developed communities.
Image source: Library of Congress, Immigration...Mexican - Mexicans entering the United States < http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/immigration/mexican.html >
Since November 2009, Casa Monarca has served the Mexican community through programs and events that engage the South Philadelphia community.. At the end of our third year we are proud to share our programs , including an after school program in which we provide homework support in English and Spanish for English language learner children and their families; Mexican history classes, supervised community access to computers, Internet and email; Mexican Folk Dance, Arts and Crafts for children , supportive playgroup for babies and young mothers , Summer Camp for children ages 6 to 12 years old , and information and referrals to other community resources.
At Casa Monarca we are supporting the cultural and educational needs of young Mexican families, by providing opportunities to learn about and share their customs and cultural roots.
We are creating a sense of belonging and unity among the Mexican community living in South Philadelphia neighborhoods.
Link to their website:< http://casamonarca.dreamhosters.com/?lang=en >
Book description: During her family's annual car trip from Chicago to Mexico City, Lala Reyes listens to stories about her family, including her grandmother, the descendant of a renowned dynasty of shawl makers, whose magnificent striped shawl has come into Lala's possession.
"Puerto Rico and Philadelphia were linked primarily through trade in the 18th and 19th century. Puerto Rican pro-independence exiles and organizers, merchants, cigar makers, trades people, laborers, students, and others lived in Philadelphia between the late 1800s and early 1900s. During World War II, more Puerto Rican men and women, most of who were recruited through a government work program, arrived in the area to work on farms, factories and homes. Between 1950 and 1970, the Puerto Rican community grows dramatically to over 60,000, working in factories and other areas and creating the neighborhoods, businesses, and organization recognized as the Puerto Rican/Latino community today. Since 1970, Puerto Ricans have arrived in Philadelphia from Puerto Rico, New York, and other cities with Puerto Rican communities. Throughout their history in Philadelphia, many Puerto Ricans have practiced circular migration, spending periods of time living in Philadelphia and on the Island."
Quote from Latino Philadelphia at a Glance, Histoprical Society of Pennsylvanian: < http://hsp.org/sites/default/files/legacy_files/migrated/latinophiladelphiaataglance.pdf >
Image source: Wikipedia, Early PR immigrants < http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:EarlyPRimmigrants.gif >
Book description: Brilliant color, bold flavors, and an innovative mix of the traditional and modern are the hallmarks of Daisy Martinez’s cooking on her Food Network show, Viva Daisy! In this lavish collection of 150 recipes, the can’t-fail dishes Daisy learned to cook alongside her mother and grandmother in Puerto Rico mingle with the recipes she has picked up during her travels around the Spanish-speaking world, to create a classic cookbook that encompasses the very best of Latin cuisine. Daisy believes that the act of cooking and sharing food with your family is more than just a culinary experience, it’s an opportunity to create memories with your loved ones.
Product description: Learning the English language for Spanish speakers