Korean Immigration to Philadelphia
Excerpt from "Immigration to the City of Philadelphia: An Economic and Historical Overview" by Daniel Amsterdam, Philadelphia Migration Project, Working Paper, December 2007
By 1990 Koreans also made up a sizeable proportion of Asian immigrants in Philadelphia. Middle-class Koreans, frustrated with opportunities in their own country, proved ready to take advantage of the 1965 immigration law’s skills-based employment preference system. Others obtained professional training in the United States and were able to remain here. Once settled, Korean immigrants sponsored their relatives’ visa petitions. Those that joined more established professional Koreans in the United States often had similarly high levels of education as their predecessors but struggled to transfer their credentials or to overcome an initial language barrier. These immigrants gravitated toward small business ownership, often experiencing considerable downward mobility for a time. Korean entrepreneurs established commercial districts in North Philadelphia,West Philadelphia Germantown, and, in recent years, nearby Upper Darby.
Link to the full article: http://www.history.upenn.edu/philamigrationproject/paper_02.pdf