Excerpt from "Pennsylvania 1630-1700" by Rudolph J. Walther
"The New Sweden Company was chartered and, in 1638, established The Colony of New Sweden at Fort Christina, in what is today Wilmington, Delaware. In 1643, Governor Johan Printz arrived and built Fort Elfsborg and Fort New Gothenburg at Tinicum Island, nearby today’s Philadelphia airport. A small park with a statue to Printz commemorates the location. This marks the first permanent settlement by Europeans in Pennsylvania."
Link to the full article: Copyright ©1999-2013 by the Independence Hall Association, a nonprofit organization in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, founded in 1942. Publishing electronically as ushistory.org. On the Internet since July 4,1995. < http://www.ushistory.org/pennsylvania/pennsylvania.html >
Link to image source: Swedes Log House. Del. Co. near Kellyville, item# pdcc00401, Historical Images of Philadelphia, Digital Collections, Free Library < http://libwww.freelibrary.org/hip/HIPSearchItem.cfm?searchKey=0209588315&ItemID=pdcc00401 >
The American Swedish Historical Museum in South Philadelphia is the oldest Swedish Museum in the United States. Founded in 1926, the Museum has been dedicated to preserving and promoting Swedish and Swedish-American cultural heritage and traditions for more than 80 years. The Museum is a place where Swedes, Swedish-Americans, and people of all nationalities who appreciate Swedish contributions to history, art, architecture, music, science and technology can come together.
Link to their website: < http://www.americanswedish.org/ >
Book description: This historical sketch is offered in commemoration of the visit to New Sweden. by Their Royal Highnesses the Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf and the Crown Princess Louise of Sweden, in the year 1926
Excerpts from "A Brief History of William Penn"
"In 1677, Penn's chance came, as a group of prominent Quakers, among them Penn, received the colonial province of West New Jersey (half of the current state of New Jersey). That same year, two hundred settlers from the towns of Chorleywood and Rickmansworth in Hertfordshire and other towns in nearby Buckinghamshire arrived, and founded the town of Burlington. Penn, who was involved in the project but himself remained in England, drafted a charter of liberties for the settlement. He guaranteed free and fair trial by jury, freedom of religion, freedom from unjust imprisonment and free elections."
"King Charles II of England had a large loan with Penn's father, after whose death, King Charles settled by granting Penn a large area west and south of New Jersey on March 4, 1681."
Link to the full article and source: U.S. History, Brief History of William Penn, < http://www.ushistory.org/penn/bio.htm >
Image source: The John Frederick Lewis Collection, Print and Picture Collection, Free Library
In the Spring of 1683, William Penn took a tour of his province and he encounter the native people. He befriended the Leni Lenape(aka Delaware) tribe. Below are his observations:
"The natives I shall consider in their person, language, manners, religion, and government, with my sense of their original. For their persons, they are generally tall, straight, well built, and of singular proportion; they tread strong and clever, and mostly walk with a lofty chin. Of complexion black, but by design, as the gipsies in England. They grease themselves with bear's fat clarified; and using no defence against sun and wather, their skins must needs be swarthy. Their ey is little and black, not unlike a straight-looked Jew. The thick lip and flat nose, so frequent with the East Indians and black, are not common to them; for I have seen as comely European-like faces among them, of both sexes, as on your side the sea; and truly an Italian complexion hath not much more of the white; and the noses of several of them have as much of the Roman."
To link to the full article: Willian Penn Visits with the Indians, William Penn: Observations made after visiting the interior of Pennsylvania. Quoted from Samuel Janney's Life of William Penn, 6th edition, 1882. U.S. History.org < http://www.ushistory.org/penn/penn_journey.htm >
Link to the image source: William Penn's Treaty With the Native Americans - Postcard, item# pdcp00534, Historical Images of Philadelphia, Digital Collections, Free Library < http://libwww.freelibrary.org/diglib/SearchItem.cfm?searchKey=8214892436&ItemID=pdcp00534 >
Book description: A biography of William Penn, founder of the Quaker colony of Pennsylvania, who struggled throughout his life for the freedom to practice his religion.
The founding members of Germantown consisted of thirteen Quaker families from Krefeld, German. Their trades were as linen weavers and merchants. By 1689 Germantown had forty- four families the occupied the land around what is now called Germantown Avenue.
Link to the original source: Early History - The founding of Germantown, The Concordia Trust < http://www.concordiatrust.org/deutsch/earlyhistory.htm >
Image source: Castner Scrapbook Collection, volume 22, page 69, Print and Picture Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia
Image source: Castner Scrapbook Collection, volume 22, page 69, Print and Picture Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia
The Germantown Historical Society is an educational and research center dedicated to preserving and interpreting the history of the original German Township in northwest Philadelphia. Encompassing the contemporary neighborhoods of Germantown, Mt. Airy, and Chestnut Hill, greater Germantown is a dynamic and diverse community. The Society houses a unique collection of artifacts, books, manuscripts, maps, and images documenting Germantown’s many stories. Community residents, historians, scholars, anyone interested in experience this history by visiting our museum exhibition and exploring the resources in the Pat Henning Library and Archives.
LInk to their website: < http://www.germantownhistory.org/index.htm >
Book description: Articles originally published in the Germantown crier between 1949 and 2008
Product description: Presents a beginning language learning program designed to teach the listener English in progressive steps, without the use of reading materials.
In the 1740s and then again in the 1840s Philadelphia and the East Coast had large numbers of Irish immigrants. The potato famines in Ireland forced many families to leave their native soil to find sustainability in other countries.
Link to the image source: The Irish Memorial Monument, Front St and Chestnut St, Philadelphia, PA., Yelp.com < http://www.yelp.com/biz/the-irish-memorial-monument-philadelphia >
The Society of Commodore John Barry, USN (aka The Irish Center) is to sponsor and support programs and activities in the Delaware Valley (includes Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware) which celebrate and promote Irish art, culture, and heritage.
Link to their website: < http://www.theirishcenter.com/index.html >
About the Authors: Marita Krivda Poxon, coauthor of Arcadia Publishings Oak Lane, Olney, and Logan, is a research librarian, writer, and lover of Anglo-Irish literature. Justice Seamus McCaffery of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania is a distinguished Irish American and member of many Irish societies, including the Ancient Order of the Hibernians and the Brehon Law Society. Images in Irish Philadelphia come from the Philadelphia Archdiocesan Historical Research Center, the archives of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, Dr. Dennis Clarks papers, the Irish Edition, Tom Keenan, the MacSwiney Club, and the Commodore Barry Club, also known as the Irish Center.
There were Jewish traders in Pennsylvania prior to William Penn's settlement but the first documented Jewish resident was in 1704.
Congregation Mikveh Israel was the first Jewish congregation in Philadelphia. In the early years, religous worship was held in a small house in Sterling Alley. The communities was made of immgrants from Spain and Portugal.
Building on the dynamic interaction between the Museum’s location on Independence Mall, the history and traditions of the Jewish people, and the broader national experience, the core exhibition highlights the diverse backgrounds, expectations, and experiences of Jews who came to and made their homes in the United States. Explore how and when Jews immigrated to America, the choices they faced, the challenges they confronted, and the ways in which they shaped, and were shaped by, their American home. Link to their website: < http://www.nmajh.org/ >
Book description: Encouraged by Penn's charter of religious tolerance, the Jewish people have flocked to Philadelphia since before the Revolutionary War, and in turn they have made remarkable contributions to the City of Brotherly Love. With a walking tour and a series of intriguing vignettes, tour guide Linda Nesvisky leads her readers down colonial streets to discover the surprising history of the Jewish community in Philadelphia.
Excerpt from "Italians in Pennsylvania" Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission Website
Though there were Italians who came to Pennsylvania while it was still a colony, Italian immigration was negligible until the late nineteenth century. In contrast, between 1880 and the outbreak of World War I, thousands came, primarily from Sicily and the southern parts of the peninsula.
Between 1870 and 1914, jobs were plentiful in growing American cities, such as Philadelphia and Pittsburgh. Some Italian workers who migrated to Pennsylvania worked at a number of different jobs—a luxury practically unheard of in Italy—before settling into one. Other workmen
were encouraged to come by the hope that they could find a market for such skills as barbering, tailoring, stonecutting, goldsmithing and shoemaking, which they had learned in Italy.
Link to the full article and the source: "Italians in Pennsylvania", Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission < http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/groups/4286/italians/471928 >
Image source: Library of Congress, Immigration...Italian < http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/immigration/italian2.html >
It was 1956 when a violinist with the Philadelphia Orchestra and the new Italian consul general discovered a mutual love of 18th century Italian chamber music, and from their impulse to share Italian music and culture, the America-Italy Society was born.
Today, the Society, located at 1420 Walnut Street in Center City, has 750 members and a broad range of activities. Still at its core is the free concert series of the Amerita Chamber Players, all of whom are members of the Philadelphia Orchestra, and an extensive Italian language program.
Link to their website: http://www.aisphila.org/site/
Book description: Philadelphia's first Italian immigrants arrived in the mid-18th century with artists, scholars, tradesmen and entrepreneurs establishing a community - one of the first "Little Italies" in America. This study tells the story of the community and profiles the immigrant experience in its early stages.
Product description: Inglese/English for Italian speakers.
Excerpt from "Poles in Pennsylvanina" by Matthew S. Magda, Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission Website
The immigration of Poles to Pennsylvania largely coincided with the general patterns of Polish immigration to America. The first wave, before 1800, was a small number who immigrated for economic, ideological and romantic reasons. A second wave, from 1800–1865, was prompted by deeply held nationalistic and political beliefs. In the third wave, which lasted until 1914, many Poles were spurred by economic and religious motivations. The fourth wave, from World War I to the present, has been largely of émigrés and refugees in flight from either the chaos of World War II or serious conflict with the government of Poland.
Link to the full article and source: "Poles in Pennsylvanina" by Matthew S. Magda, Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission Website < http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/groups/4286/poles/471930 >
Image source: Print and Picture Collection, Circulating collection immigrants, Gift of J.W. Smith Estate. Free Library of Philadelphia.
Book description: Reprint of the 1941 ed., which was issued as vol. 6 of the Annals of the Polish Rom. Cath. Union Archives and Museum, published by Polish R.C. Union of America, Chicago.
The mission of the Polish American Cultural Center's Museum Exhibit Hall is to provide programs and exhibits featuring the contribution of Poles and Polish Americans to U.S. and world history and culture in such areas as scientific, artistic, musical, political, religious and military achievements.
Link to their website: < http://www.polishamericancenter.org/index.htm >
Feb. 4, as they arrive in New York on the S.S, President Harding, to start life anew in the United States. Evening Bulletin image, 2/4/39
Image Source: Print and Picture Collection, Circulating Collection, immigrants. Free Library of Philadelphia
Product description: Audio Material - Anglii?skii?/English for Russian speakers