Six students from De Montfort University have created a stellar 3D representation of 17th century London, as it existed before The Great Fire of 1666. The three-minute video provides a realistic animation of Tudor London, and particularly a section called Pudding Lane where the fire started. As Londonist notes, “Although most of the buildings are conjectural, the students used a realistic street pattern [taken from historical maps] and even included the hanging signs of genuine inns and businesses” mentioned in diaries from the period. For their efforts, the De Montfort team was awarded first prize in the Off the Map contest, a competition run by The British Library and video game developers GameCity and Crytek. You can find more information about how the animation came together over at the animators’ blog, plus at The British Library’s Digital Scholarship blog.
From Free Library librarian Karin Suni: “I thought this video might be something neat to link to in the digital exhibitions. While it’s later 17th century as opposed to being contemporaneous with Shakespeare, it’s still a neat project and gives a pretty good view of what London streets would have been like around Shakespeare’s time.”
Link to the video and information source: OpenCulture.com - http://www.openculture.com/2013/11/fly-through-17th-century-london.html
The Visscher panorama is an engraving by Claes Visscher (1586-1652) depicting a panorama of London. It shows an imagined view of London in around 1600. The engraving was first published in Amsterdam in 1616, with the title "Londinum Florentissima Britanniae Urbs Toto Orbe Celeberrimum Emporiumque".
The engraving comprises four separate plates creating a continuous panorama over 2 metres (6.6 ft) long. It provides one of the best views of London before the Great Fire in 1666.
Link to the full article and information source: Wikipedia.com - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visscher_panorama
Image source: Image Source: Circulating Collection, Print and Picture Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia. Subject: England – London – London Bridge – 1600s
Original source: London - Tudors by Sir Walter Besant, reproduction
Windsor Castle is the oldest and largest occupied castle in the world and the Official Residence of Her Majesty The Queen. Its rich history spans almost 1000 years.
The Castle covers an area of about 5 hectares (13 acres) and contains
• Magnificent State Apartments furnished with treasures from the Royal Collection
• St George's Chapel (one of the most beautiful ecclesiastical buildings in England and the burial place of 10 monarchs)
• Queen Mary's Dolls House, a masterpiece in miniature
• The Drawings Gallery featuring an exhibition (see below for current display).
Link to the information source: Windso.gov.uk - http://www.windsor.gov.uk/things-to-do/windsor-castle-p43983
Image Source: Circulating Collection, Print and Picture Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia. Subject: England - Windsor Castle - 1600s
Original source: Windsor by W.J. Loftie, London, 1886
"It made one of the favourite amusements of the romantic age of Queen Elizabeth, and was introduced among the princely pleasures of Kenilworth in 1575, where the droll author of the account introduces the bear and dogs deciding their ancient grudge per duellum."
Original image and information source: Hone, William. The table book; with forty-six engravings. London: Hunt and Clarke, 1828
Image location: Circulating Collection, Print and Picture Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia. Subject: England – London -- 1500s
20th August 1588, a thanksgiving service was held at St Paul’s in London to give thanks to God for England’s victory over the Spaniards. The Spanish Armada had been defeated, obliterated in fact, yet the English fleet was left intact and only around 100 English men were lost in the skirmishes.
Link to the information source: The Anne Boleyn Files - http://www.theanneboleynfiles.com/20-august-1588-thanksgiving-service-for-englands-victory-over-the-spanish-armada/#ixzz2q1EfnYMJ
Image Source: Circulating Collection, Print and Picture Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia. Subject: Elizabeth I - England
Original source: London - From an engraving in the British Museum, Tudors by Sir Walter Besant, reproduction, p.94
The year 1585 saw:
Image Source: Circulating Collection, Print and Picture Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia. Subject: Elizabeth I - England
Original source: From the original picture by Nicholas Hilliard at Hatfield House.
Excerpt from "Queen Elizabeth I Tudor Costume 1558-1603" by Dion Clayton Calthrop
In this Elizathethan fashion plate the gentlemen wear double linen collars, as common at this time in history as the ruff. You can see their trunk hose through the openings of their trunks. Two leather straps hold up the boots. The flourish is the Italian fashion cloak.
Link to the information source: FashionEra.com -http://www.fashion-era.com/english-costume/1558-1603-tudors-elizabeth-i-costume.htm
Image Source: Circulating Collection, Print and Picture Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia. Subject: Costume - England - 1500s
Original source: Bradfield, Nancy. Historical Costumes of England from the Eleventh to the Twentieth Century. London: George G. Harrap, 1938, p.79
The Ruff: In the first two years the ruff remained a fairly small size, and was made of holland, which remained stiff, and held the folds well; but later, there entered several Dutch ladies, headed by Mistress Dingham Vander Plasse, of Flanders, in 1564, who taught her pupils the art of starching cambric, and the art of folding, cutting, and pinching ruffs at five pounds a head, and the art of making starch, at the price of one pound.
Link to the information source - Fashionera.com - http://www.fashion-era.com/english-costume/1558-1603-tudors-elizabeth-i-costume.htm
Image Source: Circulating Collection, Print and Picture Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia. Subject: Costume -- England -- 1500s
Original source: Braun and Schneider, Historic Costume in Pictures, New York: Dover, 1975.
Excerpts from "Shakespeare and Clothes" by Pauline Weston Thomas for Fashion-Era.com:
There are not so many allusions to Elizabethan dress in the plays of Shakespeare as one might suppose upon first thought. One has grown so accustomed to Shakespeare put on the stage in elaborate dresses that one imagines, or one is apt to imagine, that there is a warrant for some of the dresses in the plays.
There have been many attempts to put 'Hamlet' into the clothes of the date of his story, but even when the rest of the characters are dressed in skins and cross-gartered trousers, when the Viking element is strongly insisted upon, still there remains the absolutely Elizabethan figure in inky black, with his very Elizabethan thoughts, the central figure, almost the great symbol of his age.
Link the full article: Fashionera.com - http://www.fashion-era.com/english-costume/1558-1603-tudors-elizabeth-i-costume.htm#SHAKESPEARE_AND_CLOTHES
Image source: Circulating Collection, Print and Picture Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia. Subject: Costume -- England -- 1500s
The French farthingale was most popular in the earlier part of the reign; dresses were little altered until 1615, when more graceful fashions began to make their appearance. From 1615, the bodice was much shorter and the waist set high, though still pointed a little in front; and the neck was very low and 'U"-shaped.
Original image and information source: Bradfield, Nancy. Historical Costumes of England from the eleventh to the twentieth century. London: George G. Harrap, 1938
Image location: Circulating Collection, Print and Picture Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia. Subject: Costume -- England -- 1600s
This image shows the merging of the Elizabethan fashion into the fashion of Charles I. The stiff doublet and the loose breeches, the plain collar, and the ribbons at the knees. For his hands he would have hawking gloves.
Link to the information source: Fashionera.com - http://http://www.fashion-era.com/english-costume/1603-1625-king-james-i-jacobean-stuarts.htm#A_MAN_OF_THE_TIME_OF_JAMES_I_-1603-1625
Image source: Circulating Collection, Print and Picture Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia. Subject: Costume -- England -- 1600s
Original image source: Bradfield, Nancy. Historical Costumes of England from the eleventh to the twentieth century. London: George G. Harrap, 1938, p.85
Book description: Drawing on new research from local archives as well as reinterpretations of published literature, Power and the People examines how England remained governable despite the wars, famine, epidemics, and dynastic and religious crises that characterized the tumultuous period between 1525 and 1640. The book surveys the mechanisms of authority at various levels, from the street and alehouse to the manor and the royal court to reveal the challenge of maintaining order without a standing army or professional police force. Alison Wall investigates everything from the roles of village constables to the social cohesiveness resulting from civic celebrations and participatory politics, providing students with a rich perspective on the social world and political culture of early modern England.
Book description: In this book, Mary Hill Cole provides a detailed analysis of the progresses. Drawing on royal household accounts, ministerial correspondence, county archives, corporation records, and family papers, she examines the effects of the visits on the queen's household and government, the individual and civic hosts, and the monarchy of the Virgin Queen. -
Link to the full description: University of Massachusetts Press - http://www.umass.edu/umpress/title/portable-queen#sthash.grObbHP5.dpuf
Book description: When Hamlet complains that Guildenstern 'would pluck out the heart of my mystery,' he imagines an encounter that recurs insistently in the discourses of early modern England: the struggle by one man to discover the secrets in another's heart. Elizabeth Hanson examines the records of state torture, plays by Shakespeare and Jonson, 'cony-catching' pamphlets and Francis Bacon's philosophical writing to demonstrate a reconceptualising of the 'subject' in both the political and philosophical sense of the term.
Production description: Hosted by Michael Wood, this four-part history series explores the life of the world's greatest writer. Mixing travel, adventure, interviews and specially shot sequences with the Royal Shakespeare Company on the road, the series sets the life of Shakespeare in the turbulent times in which he lived--a time of surveillance, militarism and foreign wars. The Bard lived through the Spanish Armada, the Gunpowder Plot and the colonization of the New World, and saw firsthand England's Cultural Revolution, which led the English people into a new Protestant future.
Description: Complete four part series exploring the life of the world's greatest and most famous writer. Presenter-led mixing travel adventure live action interviews and specially shot documentary and live action sequences with the RSC on the road. A History series - it focuses not on the plays but on the history and sets the life of the poet in the extraordinary times in which he lived. We are introduced to the dark world of Queen Elizabeth's police state - a time of surveillance militarism and foreign wars. We are reminded that Shakespeare lived through the Spanish Armada the Gunpowder Plot the colonization of the New World and the beginnings of British power in America. But most importantly Shakespeare also lived through England's Cultural Revolution: an enforced split with the old medieval English spirit world which was to lead the English people into a brave new Protestant future. A split which defined Shakespeare's life -and our modern world. A Time of Revolution Archival evidence from spies reports to a coded prison diary reveals the fascinating dark side of Shakespeare's world. Wood traces Williams early days exploring his schooling his father's shady business deals and the dark secret that ruined the family. Finally in Worcester Cathedral the riddle of Shakespeare's shotgun wedding is untangles an event that left him a teenage father with decidedly slim career prospects. This documentary is hosted by Michael Wood in 2004.
Product description: Queen Elizabeth's reign is threatened by familial betrayal and Spain's invading army. She and her shrewd advisors must act to safeguard the lives of her people. When the dashing seafarer Walter Raleigh captures her heart, Elizabeth is forced to make her most tragic sacrifice for the good of her country. A tale of one woman's crusade to control her love, destroy her enemies, and secure her position as a beloved icon of the western world.
Originally released as a motion picture in 2007.
Excerpt from "Now, Warrior" by Manohla Dargis, a review of "Elizabeth: The Golden Age" for the NYTimes.com:
A kitsch extravaganza aquiver with trembling bosoms, booming guns and wild energy, “Elizabeth: The Golden Age” tells, if more often shouts, the story of the bastard monarch who ruled England with an iron grip and two tightly closed legs. It’s the story of a woman, who, as played by the irresistibly watchable Cate Blanchett as David Bowie in his Ziggy Stardust period, sublimated her libidinal energies through court intrigue until she found sweet relief by violently bringing the Spanish Empire to its knees.
Link to the full review: New York Times - http://www.nytimes.com/2007/10/12/movies/12gold.html?_r=0