Free Library of Philadelphia
1.  What is the population of Philadelphia?

In 2000, the population of Philadelphia was 1,517,550. The 2003 estimate was 1,423,538. It is the sixth largest city in the country.

Source: "Philadelphia: Population" Cities of the United States, Vol. 4; The Northeast. 5th Edition. Detroit: Gale, 2006. p. 440-41

2.  Why is Philadelphia called the "city of brotherly love"?

The name Philadelphia means "the city of brotherly love" in Greek. It was named by its founder, William Penn, who envisioned a city of religious tolerance where no one would be persecuted. He also hoped to live at peace with the native Americans and paid them fairly for the rights to the city's land.

Unfortunately, this spirit of brotherly love didn't extend to blacks. In 1700, one in ten Philadelphians owned slaves, including William Penn himself.

Source: Weigley, Russell, Ed. Philadelphia; A 300-Year History. New York: Norton, 1982. pp. 1-6.

3.  What early role did Philadelphia play in the fight for human rights?

Philadelphia was the birthplace of the abolition movement. On February 18, 1688, Quakers in Germantown protested "traffic in the bodies of men." In 1775, the nation's first antislavery organization, the Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery, and the Relief of Free Negroes, was founded with Benjamin Franklin as its president.

Source: Booker, Janice L. Philly Firsts. Philadelphia: Camino Books, Inc. 974.811 B644P

4.  When was Philadelphia founded?
The city of Philadelphia was designed by William Penn (1644-1718) and first settled in 1681. Penn envisioned "a greene Country Towne, which will never be burnt, and allways be wholesome" that would prosper peacefully alongside native inhabitants and where all religions would be accepted.

Source: Philadelphia; A 300-Year History. Edited by Russell F. Weigley. New York : W.W. Norton, 1982. Pg. 1. 974.811 P53WE
5.  How big is Philadelphia?
The size of Philadelphia is 129.714 square miles. Its size is set by the Consolidation Act of 1854.

Source: "Philadelphia: Geography and Climate." Cities of the United States, Vol. 4; The Northeast. 5th Edition. Detroit: Gale, 2006. p. 439
6.  In what county is the city of Philadelphia?
The city of Philadelphia is in the county of Philadelphia. The County of Philadelphia and the City of Philadelphia have the same boundaries.

Source: Philadelphia Bulletin Almanac, 1976, p.68.
7.  What is the latitude and longitude of Philadelphia?

The latitude of Philadelphia is 39 Degrees 57.0" N. The longitude is 75 Degrees 09.8" W.

Source: Latitude and Longitude of U.S. and Canadian Cities. 2006.

8.  Why is Philadelphia called a "greene country town"?
It is from William Penn's "Initial Plans for Philadelphia." It reads "Let every house be there may be ground on each side...that it may be a greene country town."

Source: Penn, William (Maples, Mary, ed.)The Papers of William Penn, v.2 p 118-123.
9.  What religious denomination predominated in Philadelphia in the years after its founding?

No religion predominated. William Penn advertised the city as being tolerant of all religions and consequently it attracted Quakers, Lutherans, Anglicans, Presbyterians, and Baptists.

Source: Weigley, Russell F, Ed. Philadelphia: A 300-Year History. New York: Norton, 1982. p. 28.

10.  When did Philadelphia officially become a city?
Philadelphia was declared a city by charter in 1701. At the time it had about 2500 residents.

Source: Bronner, Edwin B. "Village into Town, 1701-1746" Philadelphia; A 300-Year History. Edited by Russell F. Weigley. New York: Norton, 1982. p. 33.
11.  When was Philadelphia the primary port for immigrants coming to America?
From the 1720s until New York surpassed it in the early nineteenth century, Philadelphia was the city that received the most immigrants in America. New World opportunity and wars and persecution at home sent thousands of people from central Europe and Northern Ireland to Philadelphia and the surrounding region. Between 1726 and 1755 alone, 40,000 Germans and 30,000 Scottish and Irish immigrants arrived in Philadelphia, largely outnumbering the British residents.

Source: Bronner, Edwin B. "Village into Town, 1701-1746." Philadelphia; A 300-Year History. New York: Norton, 1982. pp. 43, 47
12.  What is Philadelphia's motto?
The motto, known as the Philadelphia Maneto, is "Caritas fraternitatis maneat in vobis," Hebrews XIII.v.1. Translated, it means "Let brotherly love abide with you."

Source: Finkel, Kenneth. Philadelphia Almanac and Citizen's Manual. Philadelphia: Library Company of Philadelphia, 1995. p. 145.
13.  What is Philadelphia's official song?

"Neighbors in the New World," written by Bill Jolly. It was commissioned in 1991 to commemorate the 500th anniversary of Columbus' arrival in the Caribbean.

Source: Carter, Kevin L. "A Jolly new year." Philadelphia Inquirer, Dec. 31, 1991. p. 1-C.