Free Library of Philadelphia


Initial U with St. Martin of Tours dividing his cloak

The manuscript was illuminated by two artists. The first is a follower of two Milanese artists, Giovan Pietro Birago and Master of B. F. (sometimes identified as Francesco Binasco). The second artist has not been identified.

This initial begins the response at Vespers for the feast of St. Martin of Tours (Nov. 11). The antiphonary follows the Ambrosian rite which was celebrated in Milan, Italy, in the Middle Ages. The coat of arms in the lower margin tells us that the manuscript belonged to the church of Sant' Ambrogio in Milan.

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Rare Book Department