Free Library of Philadelphia


Beginning section with a portrait of Edward IV on horseback, a roundel with God, and another roundel with the Temptation of Adam and Eve

This image shows the beginning section of a genealogical roll that was commissioned to celebrate the English king Edward IV's (1442-1483) accession to the throne after he deposed Henry VI. By placing his ancestry within the framework of world history as it was understood at the time, Edward IV could claim hereditary and God-given rights to the throne of England. The inscription below Edward, for example, reads in Latin "A Domino factum est istud," or "By God this one was created." Edward's motto, 'confort et lyesse', and his badge, the rose-en-soleil, alternate with coats of arms placed along the edges of the roll that illustrate Edward's ties to the royal and aristocratic families of England. In this section, a roundel containing the Temptation of Adam and Eve begins the history of the world. The names of their descendants are written below.

This manuscript was executed sometime between June 1461 (Edward IV's coronation) and May 1464 (his marriage), probably ca. 1461.

Digital Scriptorium ShelfMark:

Rare Book Department