Free Library of Philadelphia


Opening with the Presentation in the Temple and the Annunciation to the Shepherds

This manuscript has been dated to ca. 1415-1420.

This opening marks the end of Prime and the beginning of the Hours of the Virgin. The contrasting styles displayed in the two miniatures and the border decoration indicate the work of two different artists. The work of four, possibly five, artists has been detected in this manuscript. In the later Middle Ages, illuminated manuscripts were most often produced in workshops that employed several artists. These commercial workshops developed in response to the growing demand in lay society for beautifully illuminated manuscripts.

Digital Scriptorium ShelfMark:

Rare Book Department